District Courts of Punjab

                                                                          Mansa

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History of Mansa District Court

a)

Name

 

District Mansa

b)

Date of Formation/Inception

 

13.04.1992

c)

Whether part of any other District, if so, State

 

Earlier, Mansa was Sub Division of district Bathinda. Since 13.04.1992, it has been notified as a District with headquarters at Mansa.

d)

Whether part of District has been made District or not

 

Mansa was a Sub Division of District Bathinda and has been notified as a District on 13.04.1992

e)

State history of town/District where Courts are situated

 

Mansa town is said to have been founded by Bhai Gurdas, who hailed from Dhingar, a village of this district. He is said to have been married at this place among the Dhaliwal Jat Sikh. Once he came to his in-laws to take his wife alongwith him, but they refused to send her. At this, Bhai Gurdas sat in meditation opposite the house of his in-laws. After some time, the parents of the girl agreed to send their daughter with Bhai Gurdas. But, he refused to take her along with him, stating that now he had renounced the worldly way of life. A Samadh was constructed in his memory, where a fair is held every year in March-April. People in large numbers attend the fair and offer Laddus and Gur at the Samadh.

 

 

 

Another aspect of history of this town is tht one Saint named “Mana” was residing in a hut near village Khiala. 3\4 families of Manshahia settled and buit their houses near the hut of that Saint. Those families were enlarged and more houses were built at that place. The settlement thus developed in to a village and the village got its name “Mansa” on the name of that Saint “Mana”. That village is now known as “Mansa Khurd”. The Delhi-Bathinda-Ferozepur-Lahor Railway Line was built in the year 1902 and it passed only at some distance from Mansa Khurd. Some Abadi also developed by the side of the railway line and it became a village known as “Mansa Kalan”. The area was in Patiala State.
Mansa was Sub division of Bathinda District. Bathinda alongwith Mansa was seized by Maharaja Ala Singh in about 1754. Accordingly, most of the area of Mansa was erstwhile Princely State of Patiala. In the Princely State of Patiala, Thanedars were posted with judicial powers. Till the reign of Maharaja Karam Singh, the Thana functionaries were direct under the orders of the Adalati in all judicial matters. In 1861, the office of  Naib-i-adalat was abolished and all Nazims were created. Tehsildars were given Magisterial powers authorizing them to pass sentences up to three years. The Nazims were made Sessions Judge and their Courts were made Appellate Courts for the decision of appeal from the findings of Naib Nazims. In 1870, Maharaja Mohinder Singh found that Judicial work was interfering with the Tehsildar’s legitimate duties connected with revenue and finance and he appointed separate officers as Naib Nazims to carry on that work. Thana functionaries were then placed under Naib Nazims, the Nazims and Hikim-i-adalati sadar (Commonly called the adalati) continued to be the Chief of them all. The system remained in force till 1882.
The police Code was issued closely modeled on the code of Criminal Procedure and British Indian Criminal Law became the law of the State. All the departmental powers formerly vested in the Magistrates and Nazims were then transferred to the Inspector General and the District Superintendent of Police. With the merger of PEPSU with Punjab in 1956. Bathinda District (At that time Mansa was the Sub Division of Bathinda District) became part of the Punjab State.

 

 

CIVIL/CRIMINAL COURT

a)

Dated of establishment

 

There is no available record as to the date of establishment of Civil/criminal Courts at Mansa. Howecre, from the Mansa District Gazetteer, the Bar Association at Mansa is said to be oldest one, which was formed in the year 1929. Hence, it appears that the Civil/criminal Court did exist during that period.

b)

First Judicial Officer appointed
1)  District & Sessions Judge or Sub Judge/Magistrate

 

 

Shri R.P. Nagrath was the first District & Sessions Judge, Mansa, who assumed his office on 17.09.2005.
The name of the first Sub Judge/Magistrate is not available. However, the Court of Additional Civil Judge  (Senior Division) was established in Sub Division Sardulgarh and Shri Jasbir Singh was the first Judicial Officer, who assumed the office as Additional Civil  Judge (Senior Division), Sarduglarh on 25.02.2006. Similarly, the Court of Civil Judge (Junior Division) was established in Sub Division, Budhlada and Shri Hira Singh gill was the first Judicial officer, who assumed the office as Civil Judge (Junior Division), Budhlada on 19.05.2007.

c)

Whether governed by British Law or laws of Princely State of otherwise.

 

As stated above, formerly Mansa was sub Division of Bathinda District. Bathinda alongwith Mansa area was seized by Maharaja Ala Singh about 1754, most of the areas of the present Mansa District was part of erstwhile Princely State of Patiala.
Formerly, the Thanedars were possessing judicial powers. They were mostly illiterate men and each had amin under him to carry on clerical work and to act for him generally in his absence. Till the reign of Maharaja Karan Singh, these Thana functionaries were under the direct orders of the Adalati in all police and judicial matters. As the clerical work in Thana had increased, an assistant clerk or madad moharrir was added to their establishment. In 1861, the office of naib-i-adalat was abolished and that of Nazim created instead. At the same time Tehsildars were given imprisonment up to three years. The Nazims were made Sessions Judges and their Courts were made appellate Naib-Nazims. In 1870 Maharaja Mohinder Singh found that judicial work was interfering with the Tehsildar’s legitimate duties connected with revenue and fiannce and he appointed separate officers as Naib Nazims to carry on that work. The Thana functionaries were then placed under Naib–Nazims, the Nazims and Hakim-I-adalati sadar (commonly called the adalati) continued to be the chief of them all. This system remained in force till 1882.
In 1882 the Council of Regency organized the Police Department on the British model. The District Superintendents of Police were appointed at salaries. The Munshis and sepoys were called sergeants and consdtables. While inspectors and Court Inspectiors were appointed in every district. A police code was issued closely modeled on the code of Criminal Procedure and British Indian Criminal Law became the law of the State. The final step was the appointment of an Inspector General of Police with an adequate headquarters staff in 1886. All departmental powers, fromely vested in the magistrates and Nazims were then transferred t the Inspector Gneral and the District Superintendent of Police. As far the present Mansa District is concerned, Bhikhi, Sardulgarh and Boha were the Thanas of the Patiala State. A small force of mounted police had also been organized. The above mentioned system of Police continued till PEPSU was formed in 1948 with State Headquarters at Patiala. With the merger of PEPSU with Punjab in 1956, Bathinda District (At that time Mansa was the sub division of Bathinda District) became part of the Punjab State and as a result it came under the Punjab police system.

 

d)

Nature and Number of litigation for historical perspective.

 

The criminal tendencies of the inhabitants of Mansa District are almost the same to that of the people of adjoining districts of Bathinda and Sangrur and its proximity to Haryana State is perhaps one of the reasons for the people having criminal tendencies. People generally carry lethal weapons and carrying of weapons is a Status symbol for the rural masses of the district. Many criminal escape to the bordering state making it difficult for the police to pursue them effectively. Besides, the rich harvest, particularly of cotton is another reason for the rural people of the district to indulge in the criminal activities.
Murder, burglary and theft were remained the predominant forms of crimes in the Mansa District during the period from 1992-93 to 1999-2000. Besides the common crimes brought to the notice of police in the district were simple including kidnapping, robbery and culpable homicide. The crimes accompanied with violence wee not common. On the whole, people are law-abiding. The frequency of various crimes committed in the Mansa District during the year 1992-93 to 1999-2000 is given below:

BUILDING 

a)

Where Court was Ist established

 

Mansa was declared as Sub Division in the year 1956. Most of the officers were staying in sarais or private building. There was no official residence and the officer resided in the rented building or part of sarai. The Courts were also housed in sarai/private buildings.
Sub Divisional Complex was completed in the year 1985. The revenue officers and judicial Courts were shifted to New Sub Divisional Complex in the year 1985.

b)

Whether continuing in the same premises or shifted

 

Shifted

c)

If shifted, Old building intact, if so, what is heritage status

 

No

d)

History regarding building

 

There is no available record of history of the building. Where the Court house was functioning before shifting to the new Sub Division Complex in the year 1985.

e)

Whether old building can be preserved or not

 

Yes. The old building can be preserved with the help of archeological department. However, it will involve lot of expenditure for preserving the old building and the funds will have to be provided by the State Government for the purpose.

f)

Whether function to commemorate building/Court can be held:
1) State age
2) Need of maintenance of building

 

 

 

No
The building is in dilapidated condition and huge expenditure will be involved for maintenance of building.

 

 

 

 

 

BAR

a)

When established

 

The exact date of establishment of Bar Association, Mansa is not available. However, it is said to be the oldest one, which was formed in the year 1929.

b)

History of Bar

 

As stated above, there is no available record of the date of establishment of the Bar Association, Mansa, which was formed around in 1929. The strength of the Bar Association as on 23.03.200 was 160. At present, there is separate Bar Association of Sardulgarh and Budhlada Sub Divisions of District Mansa.

c)

Contribution to profession i.e. Bar and Bench

Legal luminaries

 

 

Bar Association, Mansa he contributed to the legal profession in a great way and many legal luminaries of this bar have assumed the high position in the judiciary as well as in other departments. The Bar Association has produced two Hon’ble Judges from the Mnsa namely Shri Kulwant Singh Tiwana (Retd.) and Shri Madan Lal Singla, (Retd.), the Hon’ble Judges of Punjab & Haryana High Court. The names of legal luminaries of Bar Association, Mansa are Shri Parkash Chand Singla, (Retd.) District & Sessions Judge, Mrs. Rekha Mittal District & Sessions Judge, Ropar, Shri Satwinder Singh Chahal, Addl. District & Sessions Judge, Shri Ashok Singla, Additional Civil Judge (Senior Division), Krishan Kumar Bansal, Civil Judge (Jr. Division), late Shri HS Tiwana, Civil Judge (Jr. Division), Shri H.S. Khalsa, Addl. Civil Judge (Sr. Division), Shri Rakesh Kumar, Addl. Civil Judge (Jr. Division), Shri Manoj Kumar Singla, Civil Judge (Jr. Division), Shri TPS Randhawa, Civil Judge (Junior Division), Shri Kapil Singla, recently appointed as Civil Judge (Jr. Division), Shri Ashwani Goyal, Addl. District Attorney, Shri Kashmiri Lal, Deputy District Attorney, Shri KK Goyal District Attorney, Shri Manvir Singh gill Executive Officedr, Shri Girish Verma, Executive Officer, Shri Dyal Chand Garg, Executive Officer, Shri Omkar Gupta, Sr. Manager Law Canara Bank, Shri Vijay Kumar Garg, Sr. Manager Law Canara Bank, Shri Kulwant Jain, Sr. Manager Law United Bank of India, Shri Suresh Jain, Manager Law Corporation Bank, Shri Sham Lal Garg, Manager Law SBI, Shri Paramjit Singh Mann, Chief Manager Law SBOP, Shri Satpal Singh, Deputy District Attorney, Shri Gurmit Singh Uppal, Addl. District Attorney, Shri Ashok Saoidra, Deputy District Attorney, Shri Manmohan Singh Randhawa, Executive Officer, Shri Piara Singh Sidhu, Executive Officer, Late Shri Des Raj Minister Pepsu Govt., Shri Harbhajan Singh , Ex-Excise Minister and Shri Jaswant Singh Ex-Deputy Speaker.      

e)

Old surviving members/native judicial officers who had contributed to various walks of life i.e. freedom movement, politics, writing etc.

 

The people of this area took active part in the Parja Mandal movement for the freedom of our motherland. Sardar Jangir Singh Joga Ex-MLR, Shri Dharam Singh Phakkar and Babu Des Raj Advocate Ex-Minister were prominent freedom fighters of this area.
Kuka movement spread in the rest of Punjab including the area of present Mansa District within a short period. Mastana Dal of this movement included many revolutionaries from Mansa District who took an active part in the freedom struggle. It was under the movement that Ram Singh and Sham Singh of villge Joga of Mansa District were among those who were shot dead at Malerkotla under orders of the British Rulers. The  Kuka’s movement was ruthlessly suppressed by the British in 1872.
 Shri Badan Singh son of Baghel Singh resident of Dalel Singh Wala and Shri Arjan Singh son of Gobind Singh, resident of Khiala Kalan of District Mansa have also taken active part in the Ghadar Movement.

SOURCE OF INFORMATION

a)

District Gazetteers

 

Most of the information has been extracted form the Mansa District Gazetteer, published by the Revenue & Rehabilitation Department, Punjab, Chandigarh.

b)

Historical Books

 

As per bibliography, the information was obtained from various authentic books mentioned in the gazetteer. Certain part of the information is also derived from the Telephone Directory published by the District Bar Association, Mansa in the year 2006.

c)

Official Documents

 

 

d)

Correspondence

 

The information has also been obtained from the official correspondence resting with the District and Sessions Judge, Bathinda and Mansa.

e)

Other books

 

None

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