Pathankot is a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Punjab, and serves as the capital of the Pathankot District. The name Pathankot comes from Pathania Rajput, who was the king of Nurpur. Pathankot was the capital of Nurpur prior to 1849. Pathankot is at the meeting point of the three northern states of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir. Due to its ideal location, Pathankot serves as a travel hub for the three northerly states. Pathankot is the fifth most populous city in the state of Punjab. It is the last city in Punjab on the national highway towards Jammu and Kashmir. Situated in the foothills of Kangra and Dalhousie, with the river Chakki flowing close by, the city is often used as a rest-stop before heading into the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir, Dalhousie, Chamba, and Kangra, deep into the Himalays.
There are some caves on the way to Shahpur Kandi which date to the time of the Mahabharata. According to legend, the Pandavas stayed in those caves for a night during their "Agyaatwas". A carnival or mela, called Mukesran da mela is held there each year in the month of April to mark Baisakhi.
The ancient Shiva temple Kathgarh is approximately 25 km from PTK. During "Naag panchami," the gap between two shiva parvati holy stones mysteriously narrows, and during "shivrathri" the gap mysteriously widens. The temple is located on the banks of river Beas. Alexander's army camped here for three days and demoralised by the sight of furious and flooded Beas forced their King to call off their mission of world conquest. To reach the temple one has to go to Indora (HP), which is 20 km away from Pathankot.
There is a fort, called the Nurpur Fort built by the Pathania Rajputs, more than 900 years ago. It was damaged by the great earthquake which struck this region early in 1905, 25 km from Pathankot. It is quite famous in North India, and the temple inside attracts tourists from all across. It is 25 km away from Pathankot.
- Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from mid-February to mid-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 16 °C to 25 °C and (min) 9 °C to 18 °C.
- Autumn: In autumn (from Mid-September to mid November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 16° to 27° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 11 °C.
- Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-May to Mid-June) may rise to a maximum of 48 °C (rarely). Temperatures generally remain between 35 °C to 45 °C (94 – 112F).
- Monsoon: During monsoon(from mid-June to mid-September), Pathankot receives moderate to heavy rainfall.
- Winter: Winters (November to Mid-March) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Pathankot. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 7 °C to 15 °C and (min) 0 °C to 8 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hail-storms. Pathankot received snowfall in 2012 after almost 55 years.
Pathankot is an economically prosperous city compared to many other towns of the Punjab or Himachal Pradesh.
Historically, Pathankot's economy was based upon the timber trade. Good quality wood was transported from Himachal to Pathankot, where it was cut and distributed to various parts of northern India. In the early 1990s, however, the timber trade shifted to Jammu. Now, the main economy of Pathankot is based on stone crushing. Panthakot is situated in the foothills where the Chakki, Ravi and Beas rivers enter the plains and these rivers deposit boulders. There are more than 200 stone crushers in and around Pathankot.
After the liberalisation of the Indian economy, Pathankot emerged as a commercial center of wholesalers and distributors of consumer goods and services, catering to Himachal Pradesh, J&K and northwest Punjab.
Many army and Air force personnel are stationed at Pathankot and in nearby areas. The Army and Air Force award contracts to local vendors and their personnel consume local goods and services, contributing to local prosperity.
Places of interest & Stay
Places worth visiting near Pathankot include Shahpur Kandi. Ranjit Sagar Dam which is the highest gravity dam in Asia,
Pathankot has a number of hotels to stay. Hotel Venice, U-Nite, Hotel Woodland are a few of them. stay.
Dhruva park near tank chownk is one of glory of pathankot city donated by 21 sub Area of Indian army.
The airport of Pathankot is jointly shared by defence and civilians and is the glory of this district. Maharana Partap Interstate Bus Terminal is one of the biggest terminals of North India. Pathankot is the one of the city having 2 railway stations of its own, with Pathankot Junction Station, Chakki Bank Junction Station.
One can stop over in Pathankot en route to Mukerian (40), Dharamshala (100 km), Dalhousie (100 km), Amritsar (108), Palampur (100 km), Chamba (100 km) & Jammu (100 km), Hoshiarpur (100 km), Kangra (100 km), Jalandhar (108 km), Srinagar (400 km) all in different directions from Pathankot.