The city is an historically important town north of Patiala, especially for the Sikh faith. Gurudwara Fatehgarh Sahib, marks the site of the live entombment of the two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh of the tenth Guru of the Sikhs, Sri Guru Gobind Singh on 12 December 1705, by the Governor of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, the place is the today commemorated by Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib, 5 km (3.1 mi) north of the Sirhind.
The name 'Fatehgarh', refers to the 'Town of Victory', because in 1710 Sikhs under the leadership of Banda Bahadur overran the area and razed the fort that was built during Balban's rule to the ground.
Nihang at the Jor Mela held every year in December to commemorate the martyrdom of the king of Guru Gobind Singh.
Gurudwara Jyoti Sarup Sahib is about 1 km from Fatehgarh Sahib on Sirhind- Chandigarh road. It was at this place that the mortal remains of Mata Gujri, the mother of Guru Gobind Singh and his two younger sons, Sahibzada Fateh Singh and Sahibzada Zorawar Singh were cremated. Wazir Khan, the then Faujdar of Sirhind refused to allow the cremation of the bodies unless the land for the cremation was purchased by laying gold coins on it. Todar Mal, who was an ardent devotee of Guru Gobind Singh, purchased this place of land by offering gold coins as demanded. And thus etched his name in the annals of Sikh history and earned the salutation of Deewan.
The town is surrounded by four memorial gates, each in the memory of four important figures from the Sikh history associated with Sirhind. These are: Deewan Todar Mal, Nawab Sher Muhammed Khan, Baba Banda Singh Bahadur and Baba Moti Ram Mehra. Each person belonged to different castes/religions, thus depicting the harmony and brotherhood among people of those times
Aam Khas Bagh
Fatehgarh Sahib district has many historic monuments that stand testimony to its Afghan and Mughal links. The Mughals are still alive in magnificent architectural legacy, which they had left for the future generations. One such monument is the Aam Khas Bagh. It was built by Akbar and later developed by Jehangir and Shahjahan. As the name suggests, the garden, spread in an area of a mile and a half, was divided into two parts meant for both, the 'aam' (public) and 'khas' (rulers). Mughal Emperors used to stay here while going to and coming back from Lahore.
Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University
Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University is a private university located in Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab, India. It was established under Punjab State Act 20/2008 (Sri Guru Granth Sahib World University Act).
The construction of the building was funded by the Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee. The University was inaugurated formally and started its first session on 24 July 2011. Though Jasbir Singh Ahluwalia was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor of the university in 2008, he was shot and critically injured only few days after inauguration of the university.Gurnek Singh, former head of the Department of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Studies, Punjabi University was appointed acting Vice-Chancellor of the university on 9 August 2011.
A distinguishing feature of the University will be Sri Guru Granth Sahib Studies characterized by latest interpretational methodologies, Sikh Historiography with re-interpretation, in contemporary ideological perspective, of the basic sources will be given special attention. The new university would also focus on imparting education in most modern technologies such as nano-technology, bio-technology, information technology and business management besides comparative study of different religions. The university would also house faculties of schools of emerging technologies, basic sciences, management, social sciences, arts, languages, engineering, architecture, law and social justice.
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